Capet

     

My ancestors from the House of Capet and earlier Robertians
The Robertians

The Robertians, or Robertines, were a prominent Frankish predecessor family centered in the Western Frankish Kingdom, West Francia and fathers of what became the Capetians, holding power through the whole period of the Carolingian Empire and between 888-988 were the last Carolingian Kingdom existing. The family included a large number of members named Robert including Robert of Hesbaye (b. 770), Robert III of Worms (b. 800), Robert the Strong (b. 820), and Robert I of France (b. 866). They figured prominently amongst Carolingian nobility and married into this royal family. Eventually the Robertians delivered Frankish kings themselves such as Odo, Robert I and Hugh Capet. Those Robertians ruled in the Frankish kingdom Western Francia.

01. Robert II of Hesbaye (aka Rodbert or Chrodobert) was a Frank who was count of Worms and of Rheingau, and duke of Hesbaye around the year 800. He is the earliest known male-line ancestor of the French royal family (including the Capetians, the Valois and the Bourbons, all of them his male-line descendants), and the Spanish royal family.

02. Robert III of Worms , son of Robert was born abt. 800.  By his wife Waldrada of Worms he had his only recorded son Robert the Strong. His niece was Ermengard, wife of the Frankish emperor Louis the Pious. His cousin Chrodogang was Archbishop of Metz and abbot of the Lorsch Abbey. An uncle of Robert was Count Cancor, founder of the Lorsch Abbey. Via Robert the Strong he was grandfather of two kings of Western Francia named Odo and Robert. He was the great-great-grandfather of Hugo Capet, the founder of the Capetian dynasty that ruled France until the French Revolution. He died in 834.

03. Robert IV The Strong , son of Robert III and Waldrana was born abt. 820 in France.  The wife of Robert cannot be definitively determined. He died in 866 at the Battle of Brissarthe against the Vikings.

04. King Robert I, of Western Francian , son of Robert IV was born in 866. He married Beatrice De Vermandois.  Robert ruled from June 29, 922 until his death on June 15, 923 in Soissons, France.

05. Hugh Magnus "The Great", Duke of the Franks and Count of Paris , son of Robert and Beatrice was born abt. 900.  He married Princess Hedwidge before September 14, 938 in Germany.  He died on June 16, 956 in Dourdan, France.

Capet Dynasty Kings

The House of Capet, or The Direct Capetian Dynasty, (French: Les Capétiens, la Maison capétienne), also called The House of France (la maison de France), or simply the Capets, which ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328, was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty – itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians. As rulers of France, the dynasty succeeded the Carolingian dynasty. The name derives from the nickname of Hugh, the first Capetian King, who was known as Hugh Capet and was a cognatic descendant of the Carolingians.

06. King Hugh Capet , son of Hugh and Hedwidge was born abt. 941 he succeeded his father in 956. His lordship over many fiefs around Paris and Orléans made him the virtual ruler of France, and when King Louis V of France, the last of the Carolingian line, died without an heir in 987, Hugh's numerous vassals enabled him to win the election to the throne, defeating the Carolingian candidate, Charles, duke of Lorraine. Charles and many other great nobles of the realm attempted to resist his authority but, through force of arms and by judicious purchasing of allegiance, as well as through the support of the church, of which he was a devout member, Hugh established a measure of order within his kingdom. He had his son, Robert the Pious (later Robert II), elected and crowned his associate and successor in 988, thereby confirming the house of Capet, which ruled France until 1328.  He married Princess Adelaide of Aquitaine in 968.  Hed died on October 24, 996 in Paris.

07a. King Robert II "The Pious" , son of Hugh and Adelaide was born on March 27, 972. He was born in Orléans, and educated at Reims under the French scholar Gerbert, who later became Pope Sylvester II. In 996 Robert married, as his second wife, his cousin Bertha of Burgundy. Two years later Pope Gregory V excommunicated him and annulled this marriage, which was considered incestuous by the church; in 1003 Robert submitted to the pope and married the daughter of the marquis of Provence, Constance of Arles, by whom he had four sons. He recognized Hugh, the eldest of these sons, as his successor. After Hugh's death in 1025, the other sons, aided by their mother, revolted; Robert was still fighting them at the time of his own death on July 20, 1031. Robert was called The Pious because of his humility and charity; he was also esteemed as a soldier and ruler.

07b. Adele, Princess of France, daughter of Hugh and Adelaide was born in 1009.  She married Baudouin V, Count of Flanders in 1028.  She died on January 8, 1079.  I descend from their daughter Queen Matilda Flanders (1031-1083) who married William "The Conquerer", King of England.

08. King Henry I , son of Robert and Constance was born on May 4, 1008.  From the beginning of his reign he was occupied with putting down rebellions led by members of his family and other French nobles. Between 1035 and 1047 he assisted his nephew William, duke of Normandy, later William the Conqueror, king of England, in establishing William's authority over rebellious Norman nobles. Henry later grew jealous of William's power and waged unsuccessful war against him in 1054 and 1058. Henry was succeeded by his son Philip I.  He married Anna Agnesa of Yaroslavna on January 29, 1049.  He died on August 4, 1060 in Vitry, Brie, France.

09a. King Philip I "The Amorous" , son of Henry and Anna was born on May 23, 1052. He came to the throne at age 8; he had been crowned at Reims 05-23-1059; his minority ended in the stormy year of 1066 - "In the long reign that followed he showed no great ability or energy, and a looseness of morals which embroiled him with the Church. His reign is chiefly remarkable for the steady growth of the royal domain. He married Bertha, Queen of France in 1071.  He died on July 29, 1108 in Melun, France.

09b. Hugh Crepi "The Great", Count of France , son of Henry and Anna was born in 1057 in Vermandois, France.  He married Adelaide De Vermandois abt. 1064.  He died on October 18, 1102.  I descend from their daughter Isabel De Vermandois (c1081-1130) who married Robert De Beaumont (c1046-1118).

10. King Louis VI "The Fat" , son of Philip and Bertha was born in 1077.  He was a great fighter, a great hunter, and a great eater. At 46 he became too fat to mount a horse, but he remained the embodiment of warlike energy. His great task was to reduce to order the petty nobles of the royal  domain, who could truly be called robber barons. When Louis came to the throne, every lord of a castle robbed at will and it was not safe for even the king to pass along the road. Twenty years of hard fighting were necessary to remedy this condition, but in the end, law and order prevailed. So that such evils might not recur, every castle that was captured was destroyed or given to faithful followers. He married Adelaide of Savoy abt. 1115.  He died on August 1, 1137. 

11. King Louis "The Younger" , son of Louis and Adelaide was born in 1119.  He was King of the Franks from 1137 until his death. His rule was dominated by feudal struggles, particularly with the Angevin family, and marked the beginning of the long rivalry between France and England. Construction on the Notre-Dame de Paris, the founding of the University of Paris, and the disastrous Second Crusade also occurred during his reign. He married 3 times (1) Eleanor of Aquitaine (2) Constance of Castile and (3) Adele of Champagne on November 13, 1160.  He died on September 19, 1180 in Paris.

12a. King Philip II Augustus "The God-Given" , son of Louis and Adele was born on August 22, 1165.  He was crowned on November 1, 1179.  He led the Crusade with Richard of England but took ill at the seige of Acre.  He returned to Paris in 1191 where he betrayed Richard, went on to conquer Normandy.  He prepared to invade England but later came to terms with King John. He married Isabella of Hainault on April 28, 1180.  He died on July 14, 1223.

12b. Alice, Princess of France , daughter of Louis and Adele was born abt. 1170.  She married William Ponthieu IV on August 20, 1195.  She died in 1221.  I descend from their daughter Marie of Ponthieu (1199-1251) who married Simon De Dammartin (c1180-1239).  Their daughter Joanna De Dammartin (c1218-1279) was the mother of Princess Eleanor of Castile (1240-1290) who married King Edward I of England.

13. King Louis VIII "The Lion" , son of Philip and Isabella was born on September 3, 1187.  His reign from 1223-1226 consisted of fighting against the Plantagenet power and conquering the heretical southern areas of France.  He married, Blanca Alphonsa, Princess of Castile on May 23, 1200.  Hed died on November 8, 1226. I descend from their son Robert I

     

A Descent From The Capet Line

Generation Father Mother
39 Robert II of Hesbaye  
38 Robert III of Worms (c800-834) Waldrada of Worms
37 Robert "The Strong" (c820-866)  
36 Robert, King of France (866-923) Beatrice De Vermandois (c880-)
35 Hugh Magnus (c900-956) Princess Hedwidge (c910-965)
34 Hugh Capet King of France (c939-996) Princess Adelaide of Aquitaine (952-1004)
33 Robert I "The Pious" King of France (972-1031) Constance of Arles (c974-1032)
32 Henry King of France (1008-1060) Anna Agnesa of Yaroslavna (1036-)
31 Philip I "The Fair" King of France (1052-1108) Bertha Queen of France (c1054-1093)
30 Louis "The Fat" King of France (1077-1137) Adelaide of Savoy (1092-1154)
29 Louis "The Younger" King of France (1119-1180) Adele of Champagne (cc1140-1206)
28 Philip II King of France (1165-1223) Isabella of Hainault (1170-1189)
27 Louis "The Lion" King of France (1187-1226) Blanca Alphonsa (1187-1252)
26 Robert I "The Valient" (1216-1249)  
25 Edmond Plantagenet (1244-1296) Blanche D'Artois (c1245-1300)
24 Henry Plantagenet (c1281-1345) Maud De Chaworth (c1282-1322)
23 Richard FitzAlan (1313-1376) Eleanor Plantagenet (1311-1371)
22 Richard FitzAlan (1346-1397) Elizabeth De Bohun (1346-1385)
21 Sir Robert Goushill (1377-1414) Elizabeth FitzAlan (1378-1425)
20 Thomas Stanley (1406-1459) Joan Goushill (1407-1460)
19 John Savage (1422-1495) Catherine Stanley (c1430-1498)
18 John Honford (c1435-) Margaret Savage (c1450-1525)
17 John Mainwaring (1471-1515) Katherine Honford (1471-1529)
16 Sir Randall Mainwaring (c1495-1577) Elizabeth Brereton (c1505-1545)
15 Sir Arthur Mainwaring (c1520-1590) Margaret Mainwaring (c1521-)
14 Richard Cotton (1539-1602) Mary Mainwaring (1541-1578)
13 George Abell (1561-1631) Frances Cotton (1565-1630)
12 Robert Abell (1589) Joanna (1610-1671)
11 Caleb Abell (1646-1731) Margaret Post (1653-1700)
10 Zachariah Loomis (1681-1751) Joanna Abell (1682-1759)
9 Ebenezer Jones (1718-1800) Zerviah Loomis (1724-1808)
8 Miles Jones (1764-1812) Mehitable Adams (1771-1812)
7 Miles Jones (1794-1885) Pamelia Turner (1805-1883)
6 Darius Benjamin Jones (1834-1918) Marquerite Cowan (1835-1906)
5 Nathaniel Henry Hawk (1858-1944) Anna Irene Jones (1868-1936)
4 Ernest August Schwiening (1873-1944) Grace Myrtle Hawk (1885-1984)
3 William Edward Marshall (1901-1981) Irene Sophia Schwiening (1908-1992)
2 William Edward Marshall
1 Tod Howard Marshall


This page was added on 02/04/14 and last updated on 10/01/16

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