Castile

     

My Castile ancestors
The ancestors below are among the early Castilian monarchs from Spain

The Kingdom of Castile; Spanish: Reino de Castilla, Latin: Regnum Castellae) was one of the medieval kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. It emerged as a political autonomous entity in the 9th century. It was called County of Castile and was held in vassalage from the Kingdom of León. Its name comes from the host of castles constructed in the region. It was one of the kingdoms that founded the Crown of Castile, and the Kingdom of Spain.

01. Ferdinand I "The Great", King of Leon and Castile was born abt. 1005.  He was made Count of Castile in 1028 and recognized as Emperor of Spain in 1056.   He married Sancha of Leon, the sister of Bermudo III, King of León.  Ferdinand defeated Bermudo in battle, acquiring León through Sancha's right of succession. He began the period of reconquest of Spain from the Moors. He died on June 24, 1065, dressed in a monk's habit lying on a bier covered with ashes before the altar of St. Isidore Church in Leon, having laid aside his crown and royal mantle. 

02. Alfonso VI, King of Castile
, son of Ferdinand was born in 1030 in Castile, Spain.  He was king of Leon, 1065-1109, and of Castile, 1072-1109. He married Constance of Burgundy.  He captured Toledo, ancient capital of the Visigoths, from the Moors, 1085. This expanded his rule to the Tagus River and the center of the Iberian peninsula. He welcomed the Cluniac monks and pressed for adoption of the Roman liturgy instead of the Mozarabic. His daughters married French nobles, resulting in establishment of the Burgundian dynasties in Castile, Leon and Portugal. He died on June 30, 1109.

03. Urracca, Queen of Castile
, daughter Alfonso was born in 1082 in Castile, Spain.  She was Queen of León, Castile, and Galicia, and claimed the imperial title as "suo jure Empress of All the Spains" from 1109 until her death in childbirth, as well as "Empress of All Galicia".  She married Raymond, Count of Burgundy in 1095.  Following the death of Raymond of Burgundy, her husband, she ruled the medieval Spanish kingdom of Castile until 1125.  She died on March 6, 1126.

04. Alfonso VII King of Castile and Spain
, son of Raymond and Urracca was born in 1105 in Castile, Spain. He was known as "The Emperor" via honor given Leon as representative of Visigoth kings who represented Roman Emperor.  He was crowned Emperor in 1135. He married (1) Berenguela of Barcelona.   I descend from 2 of their sons, Ferdinand II (1137-1188) and Sancho III (1134-1158).  Alfonso married (2)
Richenza of Poland. I descend from their daughter Sancha of Castile (1155-1208) who married Alfonso II, King of Aragon. He died on August 21, 1157 on returning from unsuccessful campaign against the Almohades, in the Pass of Muradel in the Sierra Morena, en route to Toledo.

CASTILE LINE FROM FERDINAND

05a. Ferdinand II, King of Spain , son of Alfonso and Berenguela was born abt. 1137 in Castile, Spain.  He married Uracca of Portugal in 1160 in Leon, Spain.  Ferdinand was noted both for his intermittent wars with Castile and Portugal and for his reorganization, about 1170, of the military Order of Saint James of the Sword (Santiago de la Espada) to participate in the campaign to drive the Moors from Spain. He reigned for 30 years from 1157 to his death on January 21, 1188 in Leon, Spain.

06. Alfonso IX, King of Leon and Castile , son of Ferdinand and Uracca was born on August 15, 1171 in Leon, Spain.  He married Beringaria in October, 1197 who was the daughter of Alfonso VIII (1155-1214) - see #6 below on Sancho's line.  The marriage between Beringaria and Alfonso was disolved by order of the pope (Alfonso IX and Alfonso VIII were first cousins), but their children were proclaimed legitimate. He reigned from 1157 to his death on September 23, 1230 in Castile, Spain.

07. Fernando III "Saint" King of Castile , son of Alfonso and Beringaria was born on August 5, 1199 in Castile, Spain.  He married Joanna De Dammartin in 1237.  He died on May 30, 1252 in Savilla, Spain. Ferdinand was canonized in 1671 for his orthodoxy and his crusading against the Moors. 

08. Eleanor, Princess of Castile/Queen of England , daughter of Fernando and Joanna was born in 1240 in Burgos, Spain.  She married King Edward I on October 18, 1254 in Burgos, Spain.  She died on November 28, 1290 in Nottinghamshire, England.  I descend from 2 of their daughters:  Princess Joan of Acre (1272-1307) who married Gilbert DeClare (1243-1295) and Elizabeth Plantagenet (1282-1316) who married Humphrey VIII De Bohun (c1276-1321). 

CASTILE LINE FROM SANCHO
05b. Sancho III, King of Castile and Toledo , son of Alfonso was born in 1134.  He married Blanche of Navarre on February 4, 1151 in Calaharra, Spain.  He ruled for one year from 1157 to 1158.  During the Reconquista, in which he took an active part, he founded the Order of Calatrava. He was called el Deseado (the Desired) due to his position as the first child of his parents, born after eight years of childless marriage. He died on August 31, 1158 in Toledo, Spain.

06. Alfonso VIII, King of Castile , son of Sancho was born on November 11, 1155.  He married Eleanor of England in 1170.  He ruled from 1158 until his death on August 6, 1214.  He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate. After having suffered a great defeat with his own army at Alarcos against the Almohads, he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohads in the Battle of the Navas de Tolosa in 1212, an event which marked the arrival of a tide of Christian supremacy on the Iberian peninsula. 

07a. Beringaria, Queen of Castile , daughter of Alfonso VIII and Eleanor was born in 1181 in Segovia, Castile, Spain.  She married Alfonso IX, King of Castile in October, 1197.  A strong queen, she administered Castile and supplied her son Ferdinand with troops and provisions during his wars. She died on November 8, 1244.  I descend from their son Fernando III, King of Castile (1199-1252). 

07b. Blanca Alphonsa, Princess of Castile
, daughter of Alfonso VIII and Eleanor was born in March, 1187 in Valencia, Spain.  She married Louis "The Lion" VIII, King of France on May 23, 1200.  Blanche was betrothed to Louis because of a treaty between Philip Augustus and King John of England, and was brought to France in the spring of 1200 by John's mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine. The treaty was signed 05/22/1200 and the wedding was celebrated the next day. She proved to be a strong and high-tempered leader, shrewd in her own treaties  She died on November 27, 1252 in Seine, France.  I descend from their son Robert I "The Valient", Count of Artois (1216-1249). 

  

Surnames that married into my Castile family
PLANTAGENET

   

A Descent From The Castile Line

Generation Father Mother
32 King Ferdinand "The Great" (c1005-1065)  Sancha of Leon (-1076)
31 King Alfonso VI (1030-1109)  Constance of Burgundy (1057-1092)
30 Raymond, Count of Burgundy (c1065-1107) Urracca, Queen of Castile (1082-1126)
29 King Alfonso VII (1105-1157)  Berenguela (c1106-1148)
28 King Ferdinand II (c1137-1188)  Uracca of Portugal (c1147-1188)
27 King Alfonso IX (1171-1230)  Beringaria (1181-1244)
26 King Fernando III (1199-1252)  Joanna De Dammartin (c1218-1279)
25 King Edward I "Longshanks" (1239-1307) Eleanor of Castile (1240-1290)
24 Gilbert De Clare (1243-1295) Joan "of Acre" Plantagenet (1272-1307)
23 Hugh D'Audley (1289-1347) Margaret De Clare (1292-1342)
22 Ralph De Stafford (1301-1372) Margaret D'Audley (1318-1347)
23 Sir John De Ferrers (1331-1367) Elizabeth De Stafford (c1337-1375)
22 Sir Robert De Ferrers (1359-1413) Margaret Le Despencer (1415-)
21 Sir Edmond De Ferrers (c1387-1435) Ellen Roche (-1440)
20 Sir William De Ferrers (1412-1450) Elizabeth Belknap (1471-)
19 Sir Walter Devereux (1433-1485) Anne De Ferrers (1438-1469)
18 Sir Richard Corbet (1451-1493) Elizabeth Devereux (1452-1541)
17 Sir Robert Corbet (1477-1513) Elizabeth Vernon (1481-1563)
16 Sir Richard Mainwaring (1499-1558) Dorothy Corbet (1498-)
15 Sir Arthur Mainwaring (1520-1590) Margaret Mainwaring (1521-)
14 Richard Cotton (1539-1602) Mary Mainwaring (1541-1578)
13 George Abell (1561-1631) Frances Cotton (1565-1630)
12 Robert Abell (1589) Joanna (1610-1671)
11 Caleb Abell (1646-1731) Margaret Post (1653-1700)
10 Zachariah Loomis (1681-1751) Joanna Abell (1682-1759)
9 Ebenezer Jones (1718-1800) Zerviah Loomis (1724-1808)
8 Miles Jones (1764-1812) Mehitable Adams (1771-1812)
7 Miles Jones (1794-1885) Pamelia Turner (1805-1883)
6 Darius Benjamin Jones (1834-1918) Marquerite Cowan (1835-1906)
5 Nathaniel Henry Hawk (1858-1944) Anna Irene Jones (1868-1936)
4 Ernest August Schwiening (1873-1944) Grace Myrtle Hawk (1885-1984)
3 William Edward Marshall (1901-1981) Irene Sophia Schwiening (1908-1992)
2 William Edward Marshall
1 Tod Howard Marshall


This page was added on 02/04/14 and last updated on 06/18/17

Return to my main page