My Legh ancestors

The following history on the Warren line includes segments from the book:
"Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith"
See also Wikipedia article "Leghs of Adlington"

01. Hamon Legh of West-Hall in High Legh, in Cheshire, about the time of Henry II. It is incontrovertibly clear from Domesday Book that the Saxon lords of High Legh were ejected at the Conquest, and that a new lord was then introduced, Gilbert Venables, Lord of Kinderton, from whose grants, or from those of his descendants, all subsequent proprietors must have derived their possession. In or about the time of Henry II (1154-1189) the Manor of High Legh had been granted out in moieties to two families, who assumed the local name, the earliest known ancestor of which are Hamon de Legh, Progenitor of the West-Hall family, and Edward de Legh, progenitor of the East-Hall family. Both of these were as nearly contemporaries as possible, as can be gathered by marriages and dates of their immediate descendants, and both were most probably original grantees from the Venables family. There is not, however, anything which can induce a belief in Hamon and Edward being common stock. The origin of Hamon de Legh is referred to the Venables family by strong probabilities. Dr. Williamson, historian, who quotes a deed in his possession, for Hamon being original grantee, expressly states him to be descended from Gilbert Venables. Of the Moiety of West-Hall, later one moiety was given by Thomas Legh to his half brother, Ralph Hawarden. (See Generation No. 5.)

02. William de Legh, son of Hamon of West-Hall in High Legh, Cheshire.

03. Richard de Legh, son of William, had issue Richard and Madoc, "cui pater dedit medietatem de Sworten in High Legh," and a daughter, Margery.

04. Richard de Legh, had an only daughter and heiress, Agnes.

05. Agnes de Legh, daughter of Richard Legh, Lord of the Moiety of High Legh, had three husbands:  (1) Richard de Limme, by whom she had a son, Thomas Legh of West-Hall, in High Legh, surnamed de Legh from the place of his birth and residence, as was very usual in those ages, which surname his posterity ever since retained to this day.  (2) William de Hawarden, by whom she had Ralph de Hawarden, who received one moiety of West-Hall from Thomas Legh.  (3) William Venables, of Bradwell was still surviving in 1300. He was a younger brother of Hugh Venables of Kinderton.  William Venables and Agnes Legh had a son, John Legh, surnamed also from his place of education and residence, which surname of Legh his posterity also ever since retained.  Thus the three sons of Agnes Legh, Thomas Legh, John Legh and Raufe Hawardyn, were half brothers.

06. John de Legh, eldest son of Agnes and William, purchased of William de Tabley Knotsford Booths cum Norbury Booths in 21 of Edward I, 1300.  He married Elena de Corona, daughter of Thomas de Corona of Adlington, which Thomas, in 10th of Edward II, 1317, obtained a portion of the Manors of Little Neston and Hargreaves against Henry de Manchester, settled successively on Robert. William and Peter, sons of this John Legh and wife Ellena. From the omission of John, eldest son of John Legh, there can be no doubt that he was a son by a former marriage, but the name of this first wife is unknown. Beside these sons there was a son Gilbert, and they were all born before 1317.

07. Sir Robert de Legh, son of John and Elena.  Eldest of the sons of Ellena de Corona, here named, succeeded to the Adlington estate under the settlement of his grandfather Corona, made in 1317, but by the inquisition Ellena was found to have held Adlington for life.  He married Matilda de Worley, daughter and heiress of Adam de Worley. Adlington and Macclesfield appear from Domesday to have formed two great manors held in demesne by the Saxon Earls before the Conquest and Norman Earls after, and in one or the other of these, nearly all the unnamed districts of Prestbury, Cheadle and Wilmslow parishes seem to have been comprehended.  Robert's eldest brother inherited the estates of Booth, which had been purchased by their father.

08. Robert de Legh, son of Robert and Matilda, of Adlington, 2nd of that name and place.  He was born abt. 1341.  He married Matilda Arderne, or Maud, daughter and heiress of Sir John Arderne, Knight, by Ellena de Wasteneys, his wife. They had Robert, the eldest son, and Piers. 

09. Sir Robert Legh, son of Robert and Matilda was born abt. 1363.  He was Sheriff of Cheshire in 1394 and 1399.  He was still living in 1412.  He was heir to his father of the manor of Adlington, and also lands juxta Lyme, Northwich, Stokeport and Hyde.  He married Isabel Belgrave, daughter of Sir Thomas Belgrade of Pulford, and Joan de Pulford. This marriage of Joan de Pulford with her first husband, Thomas de Belgrave, took place in her minority, when she was a ward of the Earl, in consequence of her lands in Dunham Massy being held from the earldom by military service. The marriage took place without the license of the Earl, and for this breach of feudal privileges Thomas de Belgrave was fined 400 marks. The fine appears to have been paid by installments of 50 marks each, one of which was paid 35th of Edward III, 1361, and the third payment occurs in the ministers accounts, 37th and 38th of Edward III, 166-13s-4d being then due. The inquisition taken 35th of Edward III states Joan to be 14 years of age. It has been stated in the accounts of Pulford that the estates of this family name were settled 40th of Edward III, on the issue of this marriage, namely, Maud, Elizabeth or Isabel and Joan. Joan, wife of Thomas, de Belgrade, died before 1397. She married 2nd, before 1289, Sir Robert Grosvenor. It is proved that one of the heirs of Thomas Belgrave did marry and have issue, in the following record: Robert Legh of Adlington was asked, as the principal agent in a singular and impressive ceremony, to relinquish his claims to Joan's estate in favor of his half-brother, Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Joan's son by her 2nd husband. This relinquishment was made with very unusual circumstances, devised probably from a wish to add to its impressiveness and notoriety, it was then agreed that Sir Thomas Grosvenor should take a solemn oath on the body of Christ, in the presence of 24 gentlemen or as many as he wished. Accordingly, the Chaplain celebrated a mass of the Holy Trinity, and Thomas Grosvenor swore on the Lord's body that he believed in the truth of these charters. (This was in 1412, when England was all Catholic; in fact, this was before the Reformation. E. E. W.) On April 24, 1412, Grosvenor, Robert Legh and Henry de Birtheles, counsel for Grosvenor, read in the Macclesfield Chapel a series of deeds relating to successive settlements by the Pulford family of their several manors. Then Robert Legh acknowledged the right of all said lands to be vested in Grosvenor and his heirs and an instrument to that effect was drawn by the notary, in the presence of the clergy, and attested by the seals and signatures of 58 knights and gentlemen. Seldom will the reader find a more goodly group collected together, nor will he devise a ceremony which would assory better with the romantic spirit of the times, and which turned a dry legal conveyance into an exhibition of chivalrous pageantry. (Among the names of those 58 signers were many of your ancestors, William Stanley, Hugh Venables, Hugh Dutton, Randle Maynwaringe, Lawrence Warren, Robert Winnington, John Legh and Robert Davenport. E. E. W.) Belgrave's paternal estates remained in the Legh of Adlington family until the reign of Elizabeth, when they were sold in parcels, the Manor of Belgrave being sold and conveyed to the Grosvenors. Pulford at the time of the Domesday survey was divided into unequal shares, between the secular canons of St. Werburg, the former possessors, and Hugh FitzOsborne, who had ejected the Saxon proprietor. There is strong reason for believing the Pulfords to be descended from Hugh FitzOsborne, the Norman grantee.

10. Robert Legh of Adlington, Esq., was born abt. 1384.  Son and heir, according to the inquisition 3rd of Henry V, 1416. He married Matilda who remarried William de Honford. He held in demesne as of fee, two parts of the manor of Adlington, also Iands in Bollington, Macclesfield and Stockport.

11. Robert Legh , son of Robert and Matilda was born abt. 1407.  Of Adlington, inquisition 18th of Edward III, 1479, held Manor of Adlington, also in addition to those of his father, lands in Hyde, Northwich, Lamelode, Chester, Belgrave and Fulshaw. He married 1st Isabel, daughter of John Savage of Clifton. She died sine prole, and he married 2nd Isabel Stanley, daughter of Sir William Stanley, of Hoton or Hooton, and his wife Blanche, daughter of Sir John Arderne of Aldford. They had Robert, Margaret, Margery, Matilda, Agnes and Isabel.

12. Maud Legh, daughter of Robert and Isabella was born abt. 1446 in Holford, Adlington, Cheshire, England.  She married (1) William Davenport, son of John Davenport and Cicely Warren.  She married (2) John Mainwaring, son of William Mainwaring and Ellen Butler.  I descend from their son John Mainwaring who married Katherine Honford.


Surnames that married into my Legh family







My Descent From The Legh Line

Generation Father Mother
22 Robert Legh (c1345-) Maud Arderne (c1350-)
21 Robert Legh (c1365-) Isabel Belgrave (c1365-)
20 Robert Legh (c1382-1415) Matilda
19 Robert Legh (c1410-1479) Isabel Stanley (c1413-)
18 John Mainwaring (c1445-1495)  Maud Legh (1446-)
17 John Mainwaring (1471-1515)  Katherine Honford (1471-1529)
16 Sir Randall Mainwaring (1495-1577)  Elizabeth Brereton (1505-1545)
15 Sir Arthur Mainwaring (1520-1590) Margaret Mainwaring (1521-1591)
14 Richard Cotton (1539-1602) Mary Mainwaring (1541-1578)
13 George Abell (1561-1631) Frances Cotton (1565-1630)
12 Robert Abell (1589) Joanna (1610-1671)
11 Caleb Abell (1646-1731) Margaret Post (1653-1700)
10 Zachariah Loomis (1681-1751) Joanna Abell (1682-1759)
9 Ebenezer Jones (1718-1800) Zerviah Loomis (1724-1808)
8 Miles Jones (1764-1812) Mehitable Adams (1771-1812)
7 Miles Jones (1794-1885) Pamelia Turner (1805-1883)
6 Darius Benjamin Jones (1834-1918) Marquerite Cowan (1835-1906)
5 Nathaniel Henry Hawk (1858-1944) Anna Irene Jones (1868-1936)
4 Ernest August Schwiening (1873-1944) Grace Myrtle Hawk (1885-1984)
3 William Edward Marshall (1901-1981) Irene Sophia Schwiening (1908-1992)
2 William Edward Marshall
1 Tod Howard Marshall


This page was last updated on 10/02/16

Return to my main page